This week, the House passed the FY2015 Homeland Security Appropriations bill (236-191), the last FY2015 appropriations bill to be considered.
In December, Congress approved and the president signed an Omnibus Appropriations bill that contained 11 of the 12 FY2015 appropriations bills. However, the Homeland Security Appropriations bill, which was subject to intense debate after the president announced executive action on immigration, was funded under a Continuing Resolution (CR) through February 27, 20175
The House action opens the bidding final action on what should prove to be difficult negotiations between the House and the Senate and the White House. The House bill includes two amendments that block the president’s action on immigration. This immediately brought a veto threat from the White House.
A Statement of Administration Policy (SAP) expressed support for the House-passed underlying FY2015 Homeland Security Appropriations bill, but strongly opposed the addition of the two immigration-related amendments. If the final bill includes these amendments, the SAP stated, the president’s senior advisors would recommend that the president veto the bill.
However to get to the president, the House bill would have to pass the Senate, which appears unlikely. Democrats, while in the minority, could still hold up the bill through a filibuster, which would require 60 votes to proceed on an up-or-down vote. But, the House bill is also problematic for some Senate Republicans. Several of them, including Sen. Lindsay Graham, have indicated that while they oppose the president’s actions on immigration, they are uncomfortable with forcing a showdown on Homeland Security funding over the issue. \
So, while House passage starts the process towards final action on the FY2015 Homeland Security bill, it will probably take much of the remaining time between now on February 27th to reach an agreement.
This means that the agencies funded in the bill (totaling about $40 billion), Secret Service, Customs and Border Protection, Immigration, Transportation Security Agency (TSA), Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA), and the Coast Guard will continue to operate under a CR.